Geotextiles are a type of fabric that is used to reinforce soil, prevent erosion and increase the stability of slopes. They have been around for decades but they have only recently been recognized as being an essential landscape construction material. Geotextiles can be made from various materials such as natural fibers or polypropylene and come in a variety of thicknesses depending on their application.
From traffic route construction to parks
In recent decades, the uses of geotextiles have evolved at a rapid pace. Today, geotextiles are used not only for stabilization in traffic routes and railroad construction but also in earthworks and hydraulic engineering, where they are used, for example, to secure dams and landfills or to prevent soil erosion and landslides on embankments, watercourse banks, and ditches.
The most intensive use of geotextiles today is in civil engineering, building construction, and horticulture. In horticulture, in particular, woven fabrics, nonwovens as well as composites are important everyday products – in the construction of small gardens ranging from single-family homes to playgrounds and sports fields to complex parks. This is because, in addition to their function as erosion protection and the reinforcement of terrain, geotextiles are also ideal for separating, filtering, and draining different soil layers, as well as for protecting waterproofing.
Stable and permeable at the same time
Geotextiles have even more functions to offer, however. For example, horticulturists use separating nonwovens to effectively contain the growth of weeds in soils while still allowing water, oxygen, and nutrients to pass through. These geotextiles must therefore be water-permeable and at the same time resistant to rot, moisture, mold, and also vermin.
Separation nonwovens for the separation of substrates and fills
The separation function is one of the main tasks of geosynthetics. With our range of separation nonwovens, we provide you with the ideal means to prevent the mixing of different soil layers and the rising of fine particles by means of a separation layer. Geosynthetics in the form of protective nonwovens are also suitable for effectively blocking weeds in rock gardens or for protecting the sealing foils of a pond. We offer nonwovens made of geosynthetics that are easy to cut to size and lay and are ideal for separating subsoil and fill in paths, parking areas, sandpits, sports fields, and riding arenas. Lighter nonwovens can also be used for separation and filtering in seepage lines and small area filters.
Filter fabric for stability without the restriction of use
In Switzerland, filter fabrics have been used successfully for decades. Our range consists of a wide range of filter fabrics that guarantee you pressure-free, reliable, and permanent drainage – even where nonwovens reach their limits and could lead to massive usage restrictions and stability problems. Thanks to different thicknesses and various opening widths, we have the right product for every application.
The filter fabrics in our range are suitable for demanding filtering tasks as well as for separating and reinforcing soil layers. They are used, for example, in the construction of sports fields and riding arenas, in the tunnel, water, and landfill construction, as relief filters behind the stone cage and block walls, and in seepage trenches in road and railroad construction.
Ribbon fabrics for poorly load-bearing substrates and construction slopes
As an ideal complement to our selection of filter fabrics, you will find ribbon fabrics in our range. Tape fabrics – like our separating fleeces – are used for separating soil layers. In addition, the polypropylene products are also suitable for separating and reinforcing layers in the case of poorly load-bearing subsoil. They strengthen the structure and reduce the amount of fill material required for the same load-bearing capacity.
Thanks to their higher tensile strength compared to nonwovens, woven tape fabrics are also suitable as a reinforcing layer under foundation layers – for example, in the temporary and permanent construction of roads, paths, squares, slopes, and waterways, in sports fields, and for pile-driving and drilling subgrades.
In addition, ribbon fabric makes it more difficult for weeds to grow up in rock gardens. The material is inexpensive, high-performance, and can be easily and cleanly removed for temporary use.
Geotextile fabric for gravel driveways
The gravel driveway is perfect for your home. The driveways are durable, look good and prevent weeds from growing through the stones. However, there are some disadvantages to this type of surface too; it can become dirty quickly which makes cleaning difficult and weed seeds will find their way down between rocks causing further problems in future years. One solution to these issues would be to use a geotextile fabric for gravel driveways as an underlay beneath the sand or stone base material. This provides an excellent barrier against foreign objects reaching the soil below but helps ensure that water seeps through properly into surrounding areas at all times – stopping pooling water on-site where you don’t want it!